What is IP Access Control?

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What is IP Access Control?

Firstly, it’s probably a good idea to describe what Access Control is? Primarily, the keys in your pocket is among the earliest form of Access Control, meaning the idea around controlling physical access to buildings or property is nothing new.

Early humans had their methods, but these have since evolved to more manageable solutions in the industrial age with the use of doors and guards, then locks and keys. The practice of installing electronic access control systems began in the 1960s to eliminate the problems associated with lost keys, having the ability to instantly add, allow, restrict or deny someone’s access, and to be able to immediately generate an activity report on people’s “comings and goings.”

Early systems used simple keypads with PIN (personal identification number) codes, followed by “swipe” or insert cards such as magnetic stripe or Wiegand technology. These were called “card keys,” or “key cards,” which are terms still in use by people today. In the late 1970s, non-contact “proximity cards” or RFID technology became popular because of its many advantages.

These access cards are used in conjunction with an access control card reader. This card reader is connected to an intelligent door controller which contains stored programming information from the access control software about who is allowed where and when, as well as other functions that the system can perform. Not only do these access systems grant or deny access, they maintain a history of system activity that can be used to generate management reports.

 The latest IP Access Control systems can now be fully wireless and operate on the local network, like any network device. This means building control, or access to remote sites can be managed from anywhere in the world. Additionally, these systems can be integrated with two way audio (VoIP, much like Sykpe) and used in conjunction with IP CCTV can visually identify the caller and approve or deny access from phone, iPad or PC.

Furthermore, with innovation around the integration of IP Access Control, Intruder Alarms, Fire and Megapixel CCTV onto a single software platform, means that building management is simplified, performance is increased and can be operated by less people.

Access Control, Building Security